There are many alternatives to traditional standardized tests that offer a variety of ways to measure student understanding.
In the early theories of learning, it was believed that complex higher-order thinking skills were acquired in small pieces, breaking down learning into a series of prerequisite skills. After these pieces were memorized, the learner would be able to assemble them into complex understanding and insight — the puzzle could be arranged to form a coherent picture.
Today, we know learning requires that the learner engage in problem-solving to actively build mental models. Knowledge is attained not just by receiving information, but also by interpreting the information and relating it to the learner’s knowledge base. What is important, and therefore should be assessed, is the learner’s ability to organize, structure, and use information in context to solve complex problems. Continue reading in this LINK.
There are diagnostic/pre-assessment, formative and summative assessment.
Watch the video and please find the examples of each assessment inspired by the video. Write them down in the comment area. You are allowed to looking for the definition of each type of assessment in other sources.